Scholars from around the world regularly conduct research on items housed in our collections vaults. Read on for recent examples, and follow us on Facebook to find out who's researching in the vaults next.
HISTORIC MEXICAN MANUSCRIPTS RESEARCH
In 2019, the University of Oregon welcomed visiting scholar Lidia Gómez García from Puebla, Mexico. A historian specializing in Native studies and a scholar of the Nahuatl language, Gómez García visited the museum to view two historic mapas in our collections—the Mapa de San Andrés Mixtepec and the Mapa de Cuauhtlantzinco.
The mapas date back to the 19th and 17th centuries and originate from Oaxaca and Puebla, respectively. They showcase Indigenous languages and traditions as well as sociopolitical struggles arising during the colonial era. Gómez García’s research focuses on the history of the people of Puebla in particular, and she hopes to soon publish a study on the Mapa de Cuauhtlantzinco.
AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINAL BARK PAINTINGS RESEARCH
Anthropologist Gretchen Stolte, Berndt Foundation Research Fellow at the University of Western Australia, recently journeyed into our collections vaults to examine our collection of Australian Aboriginal bark paintings. A University of Oregon graduate, Stolte earned her PhD from Australian National University. She's interested in Indigenous material culture and identity, and her inquiries are shaped by her Nez Perce heritage as well as her research among Aboriginal peoples in Australia.
ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTAINERS RESIDUE ANALYSIS
Marjolein Admiraal, a doctoral student at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands, recently visited the museum as part of a collaborative international research project between the Groningen Institute of Archaeology’s Arctic Centre, the University of Aberdeen, the Arctic Studies Center at the Smithsonian Institution, and the University of York. Her research centers on archaeological containers from Southwest Alaska, and at the museum, she examined pottery from the Alaska Peninsula. Through analysis of fatty residue left on the vessels, she is working to identify the containers’ contents, revealing key information about the diets of ancient Native Alaskan peoples.
“In the past, research focus has been directed towards the archaeology of hunting, while the subsequent processing of food remains poorly studied,” Admiraal said. “Containers are an important part of this process but we do not know a lot about the role of containers within the stages of food processing. I aim to investigate the role of containers through time and space, and my main research question addresses the evolution of container technologies and the factors that influenced this evolution.”
Most of the items Admiraal examined were recovered by University of Oregon archaeologists in the 1960s and 1970s—a time when researchers didn’t have access to advanced methods like organic residue analysis. Admiraal’s work greatly underscores the importance of preserving cultural materials for understanding the past—and for supporting future research projects that we can scarcely imagine today.
FORT ROCK BASIN ARTIFACTS RESEARCH
Sophia Jamaldin, a graduate student at the University of Nevada, Reno, recently visited the museum to research artifacts from Oregon’s famous Fort Rock Cave. Using a portable X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometer, Sophia measured and analyzed a variety of archaeological specimens from the site, using the XRF data to match raw materials—particularly obsidian—to their original sources. Through her studies, Sophia hopes to gain a larger understanding of how the First Americans used Fort Rock Basin caves during the Terminal Pleistocene and Early Holocene.
UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH ON THE HISTORY OF COLOR
University of Oregon students in the winter 2018 course The Global History of Color, taught by historian Vera Keller, examined the use of natural and synthetic pigments around the world. Students investigated several objects in our anthropological collections, including examples from our Alaskan and Northwest Coast mask collections, and created an online gallery to share some highlights of their research.